Parquet Flooring for Architects

   Türkçe terminoloji sözlüğü sayfanın altındadır.   

What is Parquet?

Parquet is a surface coating material made from tree. A parquet floor consists of prismatic formed parquets. These parquets’ lateral surfaces have tongue and groove joints, so that, by joining parquets together parquet flooring being made. Thanks to natural esthetic looking and warm feeling of it, it had been a commonly preferred material throughout history. For either elegant view or warm atmosphere, architects loves to use this material in various textures.

Where to use Parquet?

  1. Indoor Floors (Solid hardwood parquets would swell when it rains on it)
  2. Wc, Kitchen and Balcony Floors (Only solid lamparquet could be used because, other parquet types would suffer from liquids)

Types of Parquet

The real parquet is the solid hardwood parquet that totally made from tree, that’s mean it is %100 natural. By the time, for different needs and desires,people created other two types of parquets: Laminated and Solid Lamparquet. These two material are really different from eachother, however, oftenly confused even by some architects.

Application of the parquets could be with two different joint types: jointed or jointless. Their difference can be seen in the picture down.

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1.Solid Hardwood Parquet


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  • Awesome esthetic view because of being %100 natural
  • More durable because it is made from hardwood such as oak, maple, walnut.
  • Best warm atmosphere
  • More healthy
  • Could be easly repaired by scraping and refinishing with varnish(so, it is always looks like new)

You can watch the scraping and varnishing processes in the videos below.


  • Living material because of being %100 natural (needs to being dry and protected from liquids)
  • It is hard to use underfloor heating system beneath hardwood parquet because hardwood is living material, and by heating and cooling hardwood parquet would swell and shrink, so could be damaged.
  • More expensive than other parquet alternatives
  • Needs being varnishing and scraping regularly, so that, it has always new looking(this could be advantage and disadvantage both, depends on the needs)
  • Final colour could be different from chose in the beginning because of varnishing and scraping processes.
  • High workmanship cost
  • Application needs long time
  • Could be scratch
  • Could be damaged by some chemicals while cleanings

2.Laminated Parquet

Laminated parquet is industrialised form of solid hardwood parquet. Instead of one piece of wood product, It is made of three layers of wood at 90 degree angles to each other in order to reduce movements in the wood. The top layer is made from high quality of trees, but the bottom layers are made from less qualified woods.

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  • %100 natural material
  • Cheaper than Solid Wood Parquet
  • Generally produced as varnished, so there is no need for scraping and varnishing. So, Easy application.
  • Less fragile towards temperature change (more stable material)


  • Could be scratched
  • Could be damaged by some chemicals while cleanings

3.Solid Lamparquet

Its thickness is between 6mm-12mm.

It is a composite material that contains from 4 layers. Layers are as following;

  1. Protective Layer(A transparent melamine layer)
  2. Printed wood texture layer(Decorative layer)
  3. High-Density Fiberboard(HDF) (comprised of melamine resin and wood dust, by pressing them they become a board)
  4. Stabilizer layer

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  • Waterproofing surface and moisture resistance
  • Wood textured while being cheap
  • Scratch resistance
  • Easy application and Less workmanship need


  • Imitated looking of wood textures(could be harmful for the dignity of a space)
  • Less healthy than others


How to apply Parquet?

There are different types of applications for parquet flooring.

1. Application with Adhesive



2. Application with joints(Floating Application)

This application method results more elastic(living) floor. Therefore, it should NOT be applied with solid hardwood.



3. Application with Nails



4. Application with Timber Frame

If you want to lay a thick insulation board beneath parquet flooring, you can applicate this method.



To get an idea about parquet flooring costs tap here. Price estimating robot is in Turkish Language. This site have nothing to do with


Research Sources


Dictionary (English to Turkish)

Parquet: Parke Surface coating: Yüzey kaplama Tongue and groove joints: lamba ve zıvana bağlantıları Solid hardwood parquet: Masif parke Solid lamparquet: Laminat parke Laminated parquet: Lamine Parke Liquid: Sıvı Jointed: Derzli Jointless: Derzsiz Durable: Uzun ömürlü/dayanıklı Maple: Akçaağaç Scraping: Sistreleme Varnishing: Cilalama Living material: Yaşayan malzeme(ahşabın çalışması kastedilmekte) Underfloor heating system: Yerden ısıtma sistemi Swelling: Kabarma Shrinking: Büzülme Workmanship: İşçilik Application: Uygulama Scratch: Çizilme Stable: Stabil Waterproofing: Su geçirmez Moisture resistance: Nem direnci Adhesive: Yapıştırıcı Floating system: Yüzen sistem Nail: Çivi Insulation board: Yalıtım malzemesi Timber frame: Ahşap çerçeve

Do you have questions about this material? Just leave comment!

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